Fruit is usually eaten raw. There are some varieties when it can be cooked too. Fruit generally contains seeds so some of them you can even use to plant and grow them in your own backyard. It is sweet and fleshy and full of healthy elements like minerals and vitamins. Since fruit comes in a wide variety of shapes, colors, and flavors, here are some of the types of fruit that you could use in your everyday diet.
Apples and pears, citrus fruit like grapefruits, oranges, limes, lemons and mandarins, stone fruit like apricots, plums, nectarines, and peaches, exotic and tropical like mangoes and bananas or pineapple, berries like raspberries, strawberries, blueberries, passion fruit or kiwi, melons like rockmelons, honeydew melons or watermelons and tomatoes and avocados.
Types or families of vegetables
Just like fruit, there is a huge variety of veggies as well. They can be classified into biological groups which are called families. Families can include leafy green, cruciferous, marrow, root, edible plant stem and allium.
Leafy green that are mostly available are silverbeet, spinach, and lettuce. Cruciferous would include cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and cabbage. Pumpkin, zucchini, and cucumber go under marrow and sweet potato, yam, and plain potato go under root. Veggies like celery and asparagus are what we consider as edible plant stem and allium are garlic, onion, and shallot.
Pulses or legumes are a really valuable addition to your everyday diet. Usually, legumes need to be cooked or prepared in a special way before you can eat them. They completely and entirely improve your digestion and the elimination of harmful toxins. Cooking them improves a lot their nutritional quality as well. There are many forms of legumes but the most known ones would be soy products, legume flours, and dried and fresh beans and peas.
Fruits and veggies of similar color contain similar protective compounds. It is recommended that you try to eat a rainbow of veggies and fruit for the fullest range of health benefits. You can combine them by their colors. For example, red foods like watermelon and tomatoes are full of lycopene. Lycopene is crucial in fighting heart disease and prostate cancer. On the other hand, green vegetables like kale or spinach are full of lutein and zeaxanthin which help to fight the age related eye disease. Blue and purple foods like eggplant or blueberries are full of cancer fighting anthocyanins and white foods like cauliflower contain sulforaphane which is also helpful for some types of cancer. So, the bigger the variety of veggies and fruits in your diet, the smaller are the risks of any harms that could endanger your life or health.